Congratulations on your new tent!
I’m sure by now you’re beside yourself with excitement with plans of setting it up for your next event or camping trip.
You’ve probably heard from a lot of well-meaning friends and relatives who thought it would be nice to share their tent pitching horror stories with you.
Now, don’t fret. Setting up a tent is actually quite easy. And tents usually have instructions which you can follow. Granted, some guides on how to set up a tent are so complicated, which is where we come in.
We’ve taken all common tent types, from pole tents to dome tents, and created a complete, step-by-step guide on how to assemble a tent.
No matter what type of tent you’re putting up, chances are you’re going to need the following materials:
- The tent itself
- Instruction Manual - you’re going to need this in case your tent has special instructions.
- Drop cloth - this is where you will spread out the canopy canvas in order to protect it from mud and dirt.
- Frame tent jack - this is used to lift one side of the tent so you can install the legs. If you don’t have one, you’ll need help from one or two people to hold up one side of the tent while you work on the legs.
- Stake driving tool or sledgehammer - use these to drive the stakes into the ground.
- Safety gear - safety is your biggest priority. Installing large tents can put you at risk for injury.
- Tent weights or stakes (depending on the surface) - you may need additional stakes or weights if the ones included with your tent are too shallow or small.
Aside from the basic tools and materials, you will also need a companion if you want to install larger tents. You don’t need extensive skill sets - as long as you’re able to wield a sledgehammer properly, and you know how to follow instructions, you’ll do just fine.
First up on the chopping block is how to set up a frame tent. Frame tents are commonly used for large events by people with enough money to shell out for it. Though quite expensive, it’s all worth it because frame tents are just beautiful to look at, and they get the job done as long as they’re properly installed.
If your tent has sides with a dimension of 20 feet or more, don’t do this alone. You need the help of at least one or more person for a DIY attempt. If you don’t know how to use the tools mentioned above or if you don’t have them in your possession, you can simply hold the tent up with your own arms instead of a frame tent jack, though obviously it’s a lot harder. In lieu of a stake driving tool, you can use a hammer or just use weights instead of stakes.
1. Before putting up your tent, make sure that you have the perfect location for it. Remove all debris and obstacles on the tent site and ensure that it’s as flat and even as it can be.
2. The frame tent should come with an instruction manual on how to put a tent up step by step. Look for the diagram that lists all the frame parts. Take the diagram and then lay out the frame parts on the ground in accordance with how they are put together on the diagram. This will make it easier for you to connect them as opposed to just connecting them piece by piece as you go along. This is a great tip not just for how to set up frame tents, but how to set up a tent with metal poles in general.
3. Now all your parts should be flat on the ground, creating a rudimentary drawing of your tent’s framework. We’ll start with the roof support parts, which are the poles on the inner parts of the diagram.
4. So how to put up a tent? From the inside going out, of course. You should see small connectors that look like crowns with several protrusions. This is where you will join several poles altogether. Each protrusion has holes in each, which will correlate with a similar hole in the metal poles.
5. Start by connecting all the necessary poles to the crown, aligning the holes on the crown and the metal pole. Secure each pole by placing a pin through both holes.
6. Once one crown has been fully connected with its metal poles, do the same to the other crown, and then connect the two crowns together with the designated metal pole.
7. Now that all inner poles have been connected, it’s time to connect the perimeter poles. First, look for the connectors that look like the letter T, and begin connecting the adjacent poles to it. Again, make sure to align the holes on the connector with the holes on the metal pole and slide the pin through them to secure the connection. Do the same to the corner connectors to complete all frame connections, except for the legs. Don’t connect the legs first, this will come later.
8. Get the ratchet ropes (or whatever rope is included with the tent) and tie them securely to the corners. This will be later connected to the weight bags or stakes.
9. Lay down the drop cloth on the surface and on top of it, start to spread out the canopy top. Pull the canopy canvas over the roof frame. If you’re having a hard time getting the canvas to go over the top, lift it before throwing it over because the air cushion will give your canvas a boost.
10. Fix the canvas, smoothing out the wrinkles and making sure everything is even. Once you're happy with how your canvas looks, use the straps on the canopy top to attach it to the metal poles.
11. Now it’s time to put the tent up on its legs. Take the metal legs and attach them to the base plate, securing them with a pin.
12. If you’ve been doing everything on your own so far (bravo!) this is the part where you need a lot of help. You need to lift up one side of the tent framework so you can attach the legs. Don’t lift them one corner at a time because it will destroy the weight balance of the framework and you're connected framework might detach at some parts.
13. You can use a frame tent jack to lift up the side of the tent so your hands are free to attach the legs. Or you can ask two people to hold the side of the tent up, while you do the attaching.
14. Do this for the other side as well, until all legs have been installed around the frame tent.
15. Take the ratchet ropes that you connected to the metal frame earlier and tie the other end to some anchors. If you’re setting up your tent on grass or similar surfaces, you can drive a stake through the ground using a stake driving tool or a hammer. If you’re setting up your tent on hard surfaces like concrete, use weight bags instead. If you require more help on how to set up a tent on concrete, you can ask help from your local hardware store on getting more weight bags. Sometimes, the weight bags that come with the frame tent kit are too light.
16. If you want to add side walls to your tent, you can attach them to your tent now. Just attach the hooks located on top of the side wall attachment and hang it on the roof perimeter poles.
For this guide, we used a 20 by 30 feet frame tent, but it works for all sizes of frame tents. If you need more help on how to put up a big tent, just remember to do the initial diagram layout on the ground, and never be afraid to ask for help. Even professionals can’t do the job alone, especially when you’re dealing with something over 20 feet wide.
Up next we have a guide on how to set up a pole tent. Poles tents are a little bit harder to put up compared to frame tents if you’re doing this on your own. There’s a lot of estimation involved so have your how to put up a tent instructions beside you at all times since pole tents may vary and you may seem something in your assembly that’s not in this guide.
1. First, take the tent out of the bag and unroll it carefully. After it is unrolled, unfold the tent slowly, one fold at a time.Take your time with this step, because if you try to sail through this step, the tent might move around and snag on something on the ground, damaging it.
2. Once the tent is full spread out, try to make a perfect square or rectangle, depending on what your tent shape is. Take the metal poles that come with your tent and lay them on the ground close to where they will be connected.
3. Take the stakes and assign one to each grommet hole that’s on the tent canopy. Drive each stake into the ground a few inches away from the tent. You can use a sledgehammer for this. Remember to drive in the stake as far as you can.
4. Take the guy ropes that are attached to the tent canopy, and use taut line hitch knots to tie it to the stake. Make sure to leave some slack so you can put up the center pole later on. Do this for all the corners first, then the rest of the stakes on the perimeter.
5. Once all guy ropes are attached to their respective stakes, go to one corner of the tent, and start to put up the metal pole. In each corner, there’s a grommet where you will put the metal pole through. Slide the pole in, place the tip through the grommet hole, and then put it up. It won’t be completely vertical, which is fine, as we’ll do the adjustments later. Take the jump rope that’s on the seams of the canopy top and then tie it around the pole, creating two half-hitch knots to secure.
6. Repeat the same procedure for all four corners, and then do the same for all side poles. Remember to leave some slack on the guy ropes.
7. Once all perimeter metal poles have been placed, it’s time to work on the center pole. If you have a small tent, you only need to work on one center pole, but larger, rectangular tents have two or more.
8. In the same manner as you did the side poles, slide the center poles underneath the tent and then let it slip through the appropriate grommet. Take the jump rope closest to the grommet and then create 2 half-hitch knots to secure the pole.
9. Now, try to get the center pole completely vertical. Once the center poles are completely vertical, you can now tighten the perimeter poles.
10. Go to the corner metal poles, dislodge it, and pull against the center part of the tent. This will create more slack on the rope because you’re pushing the metal pole out. Get a friend to tighten the rope and then put the metal pole back into the grommet, this time making it as vertical as you can.
11. Do the same process with all the corners, then go tighten the rest of the perimeter metal poles. After you’re done, repeat the entire process once or twice until all the perimeter poles are completely vertical, and there’s no slack on the ropes.
12. If your tent has sidewalls, you can now install them at this point. For more information, you can check out your tent’s how to install a tent instruction manual.
Now we’re going to show you how to put up a canopy tent. You can find canopy tents in beaches and trade fairs. Most of them are compact, and can be easily set up by one person alone. Here we’ll be discussing how to assemble a canopy tent, specifically a popup one.
1. Although you can do this on your own, it’s better to do if with another person. If you have a companion with you, you should each take a side and then pull the frame legs outward until it is half extended.
2. Drape your canopy top over the framework. If your popup tent already has the canopy top attached to it, then skip this step. If not, make sure that the canopy top is draped properly over the frame leg so that when you extend the legs fully, the canopy top will pop up nicely.
3. Once the canopy is fully extended, go to each corner and lock the sliders into place. Usually, the legs are extendable through a small thumb lock which you have to press to extend the legs. Once all corner frames have been secured, adjust the valance to cover the bars properly.
4. Keep adjusting the legs until your canopy reaches its full height. You can do this by stepping on the foot pad and pressing the thumb lock to extend the legs. Make sure you and your companion are working on one corner each at the same time so that two adjacent sides are being worked on at all times. This will make it easier for you to setup the tent and also ensure that the tent doesn’t fall over, which is what usually happens when you simply work on one corner at a time.
5. Once the legs are at its maximum height, go to the framework bars underneath the canopy top and start tying the overlapping bars together securely with the attached rope or strap.
6. Most popup canopy tents use rubber weights or weight bags as anchors for the legs instead of stakes. Just slip the rubber weights on top of the foot pads and you’re all set!
That’s just one of the many ways on how to put up a canopy tent. You might find some variations between this guide and the tent you currently have. This guide is specifically about how to install canopy pop ups, meaning it concentrates on EZ pop-up tents. Some manufacturers have their own unique assembly and cases like those, it’s better to follow the manual for any discrepancies.
Dome tents are mainly used for camping. Since they’re pretty small, it’s easy to set it up on your own. Here’s a short guide on how to put up a dome tent on your next camping trip.
1. Lay down a tarp on the ground. The tarp will act as a moisture barrier between the ground and your tent. You can do without the tarp if the ground below your tent area isn’t too muddy.
2. Spread the tent fabric flat on top of the tarp. Take the tent poles and connect them with each other, creating a very long line.
3. Insert the tent pole through the tent flaps. The flaps where the poles are supposed to go through are fairly visible, so it’s difficult to miss it.
4. Each corner of the tent base should have an eyelet where you are supposed to connect the end of the long line of tent poles to. Once you start securing the tent pole ends to the eyelets, the dome shape of the tent should take shape.
5. Don’t worry, tent poles used for dome tents are usually flexible and can bend a little without breaking.
6. Most dome tents don’t need a lot of weights to anchor it down, especially if you store a lot of items inside the tent. The items inside the tent will act as makeshift anchors. However, you can also put up stakes if you really want to or if there are really strong winds.
- How to erect a marquee tent, and why isn’t it in your guide?
Marquee tents fall into two categories, marquee pole tents and marquee frame tents. Both pole and frame tents were discussed in the guide and just follow the guide that corresponds to the type of marquee tent you have.
- How long does it take to set up a tent?
It depends on how large your tent is. Small, dome tents meant for camping can be set up in just 15 minutes, while large frame tents spanning 30 feet or more can take an hour or more.
- How do you put up a tent in rainy weather?
Truth be told, if it rains, it means you should postpone setting up the tent, especially because anything inside the tent would get wet anyway. However, if you’re working on a schedule, just make sure you wear safety gear. Also, lay down a tarp on the ground, and set your canopy canvas on top of it. It will prevent your canopy top from getting too muddy.
- We’re finding it difficult to drape the tent canopy top all over the framework, how can you do it easily?
Remember to lift the fabric before making the motion of throwing it forward, except gently. When the fabric is in the air, the air cushion underneath helps carry your fabric over to where you want it to go.
- How can I keep my tent from being blown away while it’s being set u?
Tents are most vulnerable when you’re trying to set up the legs. Since one side of the tent is elevated, the wind can simply slip into the elevated part and lift your tent right off the ground. To prevent this, always start on the side away from the direction of the wind.
- How do I take down my tent?
Just follow the instructions on installing a tent, only in reverse. Remember to clean and dry all parts of the tent before you store them, to prevent deterioration. Also, if you know that you’re not going to use your tent for a long time, it’s better to give it a good cleaning before storing it.
Before we go, here are some additional tips for you:
- Always store your manual or instruction guide in a safe place. Aside from installation instructions, the manual will contain important things that are unique to the brand and model of tent that you own, like troubleshooting tips and repair care.
- If you use your tent frequently, have extra materials handy, like extra weight bags, stakes or additional guy ropes. You never know when your tent is going to need extra anchoring.
- Don’t be stubborn when it comes to asking for help. Installing a big tent is practically impossible for larger tents, as you need to elevate an entire side at a time. It’s better to seek help that risk damaging your tent.
- Always prepare the location beforehand, and free it from debris like leaves, stones, and branches, which can damage the tent canopy fabric.
So there you have it! Our tent installation all-in-one guide. Now, instructions on how to put up a party tent may differ slightly, and your tent may have additional parts that you won’t find in this guide. There are manufacturers who implement their own locking and rope systems but don’t worry. Most tents are put up the same way, with only slight variations here and there. When in doubt, there’s always the instruction manual to help you.
So what are you waiting for? Grab a friend or family member and get right to it! Once you’ve started you’ll realize it’s actually quite easy and linear. Good luck!